¿Qué son las bebidas isotónicas y cómo puede añadirlas a su dieta?

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Las bebidas isotónicas son compuestos o preparaciones que los atletas suelen consumir para favorecer el reemplazo de electrolitos y asegurar, además, una buena hidratación.

¿Qué son las bebidas isotónicas?

Estos complementos alimenticios hidratantes tienen características y compuestos muy específicos , cuyo objetivo principal es hidratar profundamente al individuo.

Cuando una persona hace ejercicio, es necesario que se hidrate adecuadamente , ya que es la única manera de mantener un buen nivel de salud y, además, también es esencial para que el rendimiento no disminuya. Por lo tanto, muchos atletas incluyen este tipo de bebida en su dieta diaria.

¿Se recomienda incorporar bebidas isotónicas en la dieta diaria?

En los últimos años, las bebidas isotónicas se han convertido en un aliado importante de los atletas que buscan mantener una buena hidratación en el momento del ejercicio.

Sin embargo, las empresas responsables de la fabricación de estos productos están expandiendo su negocio y esperan que estas bebidas sean consumidas incluso por personas que no realizan ningún tipo de actividad física.

Para cubrir este mercado, estas grandes empresas han lanzado bebidas ligeras o isotónicas que contienen mucho menos azúcar que las tradicionales o, en su defecto, sustituyen el azúcar por varios edulcorantes.

Estas nuevas fórmulas son una opción interesante para las personas que no realizan ningún tipo de actividad física regularmente. Sin embargo, para los atletas, esta nueva fórmula ligera no es la mejor opción.

Mira también:   Tipos de vitaminas y sus funciones

¿Por qué no se recomiendan las bebidas isotónicas ligeras para los atletas? Además del cambio de sabor, el bajo contenido de azúcar es el principal problema. ¿La razón? El atleta necesita la dosis de energía que le proporciona la glucosa.

La pequeña cantidad de azúcar contenida en estas bebidas ligeras no cumple el objetivo perseguido por los atletas y los deportistas en general. Además, el contenido de azúcar en las bebidas isotónicas permite una mejor asimilación del sodio, un componente clave en la recuperación del cuerpo mediante la sustitución de electrolitos.

Las bebidas energéticas han demostrado ser beneficiosas para los deportes.

Diferencias entre bebidas isotónicas y bebidas para deportistas

Como hemos visto, a veces confundimos bebidas isotónicas con bebidas para deportistas , pero es importante tener en cuenta que ambas contienen compuestos diferentes. En el caso de las bebidas isotónicas, sus principales compuestos son: agua, minerales, vitaminas, colorantes y carbohidratos.

Para que una bebida sea considerada isotónica, debe contener una osmolalidad que varía entre 270 y 330 mOsm/kg. Además, uno de los principales compuestos de este tipo de bebida son los carbohidratos.

Los carbohidratos son uno de los principales factores que contribuyen a proporcionar al consumidor toda la energía necesaria para seguir haciendo ejercicio sin reducir su rendimiento.

En este sentido, y a diferencia de las bebidas para deportistas, las bebidas isotónicas son ricas en minerales. Estos minerales son los que se pierden a través del sudor; por lo que es esencial que sean reemplazados.

Magnesio, calcio y más

Continuando con el análisis de minerales, también es importante destacar que las bebidas isotónicas contienen magnesio y calcio ; ambos componentes son fundamentales en los procesos de relajación y contracción muscular.

Otro componente presente en este tipo de bebidas es el fósforo, que es esencial para el proceso de recuperación de energía.

En el caso de las bebidas para deportistas, muchas de ellas no tienen los componentes y minerales descritos anteriormente. Por esta razón, la hidratación no es tan buena.

Las bebidas isotónicas son una de las preparaciones más recomendables para el consumo mientras realizamos actividades físicas extenuantes.

Estas preparaciones energéticas ayudarán al atleta a mantener un rendimiento óptimo al ingerir energía a través de sus diferentes componentes.

Por otro lado, estas bebidas no son muy recomendables para aquellos que no realizan ningún tipo de actividad física. En estos casos, por lo tanto, es preferible optar por opciones más naturales.

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