Cómo afecta la diabetes al entrenamiento

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El ejercicio regular está asociado a una mejor salud general y, sobre todo, a la prevención de ciertas enfermedades. Sin embargo, cuando una persona es diagnosticada con esta enfermedad, debe tomar ciertas precauciones antes de hacer ejercicio y averiguar cómo la diabetes afecta el entrenamiento.

Beneficios generales de la actividad física

Se ha comprobado que las personas que realizan alguna actividad física regular viven más tiempo y tienen una mejor calidad de vida. Existe una campaña mundial para combatir el estilo de vida sedentario, que es la causa de muchas enfermedades cardiovasculares.

Además de mejorar el control de la glucosa, el ejercicio tiene muchos otros beneficios para el cuerpo. Por ejemplo, le ayuda a alcanzar el peso adecuado aumentando el gasto calórico, le ayuda a mantener los niveles normales de colesterol y triglicéridos en la sangre y a mantener la presión arterial dentro de los límites recomendados.

El entrenamiento físico diario también produce una sensación de bienestar y contribuye a una mejor integración social. Así, los beneficios de la actividad deportiva llegan al ámbito social de la persona, no sólo a su salud, bienestar, control de peso, etc.

Diabetes en el entrenamiento

Una persona con diabetes no sólo puede, sino que también debe realizar alguna actividad física. Si usted practicó algún deporte antes de que le diagnosticaran esta enfermedad, por lo tanto, debe tratar de seguir practicándolo regularmente.

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Sin embargo, si se trata de un deporte de alta intensidad, es aconsejable pasar por un periodo de adaptación; en ese momento, el ejercicio se irá incrementando progresivamente.

Si el paciente con diabetes no practicó ningún tipo de actividad física antes de ser diagnosticado, es muy recomendable comenzar a hacerlo. Enfoquemos nuestro entrenamiento en el control de la glucosa en sangre y en lograr o mantener un peso adecuado.

El ejercicio le ayuda a descargar glucosa en sangre de diferentes maneras. Por un lado, el entrenamiento aumenta la sensibilidad a la insulina; las células aprovechan la insulina disponible para usar la glucosa durante el entrenamiento, así como en las horas siguientes.

Por otro lado, la contracción muscular durante la actividad física hace que las células consuman glucosa. Esta sustancia se utilizará entonces como fuente de energía .

El efecto de reducción de la glucosa del entrenamiento puede durar hasta 24 horas después del ejercicio, lo que hace que el cuerpo sea más sensible a la insulina.

Un diabético puede controlar sus niveles de glucosa antes y después del entrenamiento; de esta manera, puede evaluar los beneficios. Esta es también una buena manera de encontrar el tipo de ejercicio que mejor se adapte a sus necesidades.

Cómo afecta la diabetes tipo I al entrenamiento

En el caso de pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1, es necesario tener paciencia; es posible que el ejercicio no logre un mejor control de la enfermedad inmediatamente. Para que el entrenamiento tenga el efecto deseado , es necesario tener una práctica diaria .

Además, esta actividad también debería tener en cuenta algunos factores: , por ejemplo, la hora del día en que se celebra, su intensidad y duración. También es necesario controlar el nivel de glucosa antes de hacer ejercicio, así como la cantidad de insulina utilizada.

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Además, p podemos adaptar el programa de entrenamiento a las comidas y a la acción de la insulina. Por otro lado, es preferible que el ejercicio se haga todos los días a la misma hora. Se puede consumir una dosis extra de carbohidratos antes o durante el ejercicio para evitar la hipoglucemia.

Cómo afecta la diabetes tipo II al entrenamiento

En el caso de la diabetes mellitus tipo II, también hay beneficios en el ejercicio; muchos estudios han demostrado que la actividad física es capaz de prevenir la diabetes en pacientes de alto riesgo.

El ejercicio también es muy eficaz para controlarlo, ya que ayuda a reducir el peso corporal; también ayuda a mantener la presión arterial dentro de los límites normales.

El efecto del ejercicio puede incluso ser similar al de los fármacos utilizados para tratar esta enfermedad . Por lo tanto, es un excelente remedio natural.

Los ejercicios ideales son los aeróbicos, ya que promueven la circulación y ayudan a controlar el peso. Es importante que el entrenamiento sea diario; además de tener la misma duración e intensidad.

¿Es el dolor muscular post-entrenamiento culpa del ácido láctico? El dolor muscular después del entrenamiento es casi inevitable después del ejercicio; para reducirlo, lo mejor es saber por qué ocurre. Leer más «

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