Conozca algunas sustancias tóxicas para el cuerpo

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Todos los días nos encontramos con varios elementos que son perjudiciales para nuestra salud, pero no lo sabemos. En este artículo diremos algunas de las sustancias que son tóxicas para el cuerpo. Preste mucha atención y evítelos en su vida diaria!

Las sustancias más tóxicas para el cuerpo

La toxicidad de un elemento puede determinarse mediante diferentes ensayos, ya sea líquido, gaseoso o sólido. Si desea saber qué sustancias son más tóxicas para el cuerpo, siga leyendo.

Mercurio

Muchos fabricantes han dejado de producir termómetros que contienen mercurio desde hace mucho tiempo, ya que se ha descubierto que esta sustancia es muy tóxica.

La exposición a este elemento puede causar daños irreparables a los riñones y al cerebro. El contacto con mujeres embarazadas está prohibido ya que causa problemas de audición, visión y memoria en el feto.

2. Arsénico

Si una persona inhala arsénico en el aire, el sistema circulatorio lo absorbe de acuerdo con la solubilidad (es decir, cómo se disuelve en el oxígeno que se respira) y el tamaño de partícula de la sustancia (ya sea que haya sido dosificada o no).

Cuando el arsénico está en los alimentos, el intestino lo absorbe rápidamente y llega a la sangre en poco tiempo. A través de la orina, se elimina una buena cantidad, pero siempre permanece un poco dentro del cuerpo y esto causa muchos problemas de salud.

Mira también:   Hígado e intestino: dos órganos que los atletas deben cuidar muy bien

3. Plomo

En esta lista de cuáles son las sustancias más tóxicas para el organismo se encuentra uno de los metales que hasta hace unas décadas se utilizaba en pinturas caseras, en tuberías e incluso en el relleno de caries. Cuando se ingiere, el plomo no es excretado por el cuerpo y se vuelve dañino en poco tiempo.

4. Toxina botulínica

Es ampliamente utilizado en la industria de la belleza (por ejemplo, en el conocido «botox» que se inyecta en los labios y otras partes del cuerpo), sin embargo, es una de las sustancias más tóxicas que existen. Las neurotoxinas botulínicas pueden causar parálisis muscular y «adherirse» a virus y bacterias, haciéndolos más resistentes a los medicamentos.

5. Cianuro

Aunque es producido naturalmente por varias plantas, como el bambú, el sorgo y la mandioca, cuando las concentraciones son más altas, pueden envenenarnos e incluso causar la muerte.

El cianuro líquido o gaseoso, así como las sales alcalinas de esta sustancia, pueden entrar en el cuerpo por ingestión, inhalación o contacto con las membranas mucosas (ojos, nariz) y piel.

6. Tolueno

Otra de las sustancias que son más tóxicas para el cuerpo y que se pueden encontrar en muchos objetos que tenemos en casa, como: botellas de plástico, pinturas, cosméticos, adhesivos, nylon, perfumes…. Y la lista sigue.

Inhalar tolueno puede ser muy peligroso para su salud, así que es necesario tomar ciertas precauciones como usar máscaras si pintamos una pared, no respirar gasolina en el auto, usar guantes de látex cuando limpiamos o buscar esmaltes y maquillaje que lo incluyan.

7. Policlorado

Estos productos químicos sintéticos eran muy populares en ciertas industrias comerciales debido a sus dos características principales: estabilidad y no inflamabilidad.

Mira también:   ¿Cómo podemos luchar contra el sedentarismo?

Aunque cada vez hay menos productos policlorados en el mercado, la verdad es que todavía se encuentra en pinturas a base de aceite, carbón, plásticos y cultivos alimentarios.

En las últimas investigaciones, también se encontraron rastros de PCBS en peces como el salmón y varios mamíferos acuáticos. Para evitar que penetre en su cuerpo, elija consumir productos orgánicos y lave bien los alimentos antes de comerlos.

8. Tetrodotoxina

No todas las sustancias tóxicas se producen en los laboratorios; también están presentes en la naturaleza. El elemento más dañino fabricado por un animal es la tetrodotoxina, que se encuentra en el famoso «baiacu» o «fugu».

Este plato caro que requiere la manipulación de chefs especializados y garantizado por licencias puede causar la muerte instantánea por envenenamiento.

Un solo baiacu tiene toxinas para matar a 30 personas. La tetradotoxina es mil veces más mortal que el cianuro y 100 veces más mortal que el veneno de la araña viuda negra.

Aditivos alimentarios: tipos, ventajas y desventajas Los aditivos alimentarios son sustancias que se añaden a los alimentos para mantener o mejorar su seguridad, frescura, sabor, textura o apariencia. Leer más «

81 comentarios en “Conozca algunas sustancias tóxicas para el cuerpo”

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