¿Cuál es el deporte que causa más lesiones?

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Al evaluar qué deporte genera más lesiones , se deben comparar las características de cada deporte y el índice de lesiones existente. Es un promedio de lesiones por cada mil horas de práctica de esta actividad.

El propósito es establecer la «peligrosidad» de cada disciplina. Sin embargo, es esencial tener en cuenta un detalle: si practicamos un deporte, la lesión llegará tarde o temprano. Sin excepciones, aunque algunas son más peligrosas que otras por razones obvias.

Un principiante que cambia de deporte regularmente no debe arriesgarse a patinar o boxear sin tener primero una técnica mejorada. Estos, así como otros deportes de contacto directo como el rugby o aquellos en riesgo de caídas como el ciclismo, son generalmente recordados como los deportes que causan la mayoría de las lesiones.

¿Cuál es el deporte que causa más lesiones?

Con el fin de determinar qué deporte genera más lesiones, hemos preparado una lista que puede consultar a continuación.

1 – Rugby

El rugby tiene una tasa de lesiones de 17 por cada mil horas de juego . Es un número alto, que proviene de las características de esta disciplina.

El contacto directo, sumado a la particularidad del calzado, hace que las contusiones y los problemas de ligamentos sean habituales . En el rugby, así como en el fútbol, las zapatillas de tenis se utilizan con cerraduras que se fijan al suelo. Cuando el atleta gira su cuerpo, pueden ocurrir problemas.

Mira también:   La psicología de la pérdida de peso: el factor psicológico es vital para perder peso.

2 – Calabaza

No es un deporte que esté entre los más populares. Sin embargo, la calabaza es la raíz de muchas lesiones de espalda, problemas cardíacos -debidos a sus altas exigencias- y problemas musculares.

Se juega en un espacio muy pequeño, a una velocidad muy alta y con constantes cambios de dirección. Además, la pelota es pequeña y puede impactar los ojos de los jugadores. Esta mezcla hace que el 52% de sus practicantes sufran al menos una lesión al año.

3 – Boxeo

En la imaginación popular, este es el deporte que más genera lesiones. El boxeo y otros deportes de lucha representan un gran riesgo de lesiones menores, como contusiones o cortes; u otras lesiones más graves, como fracturas de costillas, hemorragias internas y daño cerebral.

Dada su exposición a estos problemas, organizaciones como la Asociación Americana de Pediatras han pedido abiertamente la prohibición de este deporte para adolescentes. Del mismo modo, el Hospital de Sant Joan de Déu desalienta su práctica por parte de niños y jóvenes.

4 – Baloncesto

El baloncesto combina ciertos factores que pueden llevar a diferentes tipos de daño al cuerpo. En primer lugar, su alta forma física puede desencadenar problemas musculares.

Segundo, los cambios bruscos de velocidad y dirección en espacios reducidos pueden causar hematomas. Por último, el contacto físico y el impacto causado por los saltos también pueden causar problemas. La llamada «rodilla de saltador» es un problema común que comparten los jugadores de baloncesto y de voleibol.

Con todo esto, y según publicaciones de revistas especializadas en medicina deportiva, el baloncesto presenta una tasa de lesiones de 5,2 por cada mil horas . Esto, comparado con los otros deportes en esta lista, no representa un riesgo muy alto.

5. Raza

En promedio, el 50% de los corredores sufren alguna lesión durante un año. La tasa de lesiones de esta disciplina está entre 2,5 y 12,1 lesiones por cada mil horas de carrera . Las rodillas suelen ser la parte más afectada del cuerpo.

6 – Fútbol

Por supuesto, no podíamos dejar los favoritos de tanta gente fuera de la lista. El fútbol es el sexto de nuestra lista. Su índice está entre 12,7 y 68,7 por cada mil horas de competición.

En entrenamiento y también en atletas aficionados los números disminuyen considerablemente. En estos casos, se sitúan entre 2,3 y 7,6.

7 – Crossfit

Hemos incluido esta disciplina porque es una de las más aclamadas hoy en día y, debido a accidentes aislados, tiene una mala reputación. La realidad es que tiene una tasa de lesiones de 3,1 por cada mil horas de entrenamiento; i esto indica que es un deporte muy seguro.

Sin embargo, para mantener la salud mientras se practica, la progresión del trabajo es fundamental, tanto en términos de técnica como de demanda. Además, tener un instructor que sabe cómo guiar a los principiantes también evitará inconvenientes.

Otros deportes con lesiones específicas

Además de los mencionados, también puede incluirse balonmano, tenis o golf. Estos, aunque no son tan peligrosos en términos de lesiones, pueden causar problemas típicos debido a su técnica .

Así, en el tenis, las lesiones del codo son muy comunes, mientras que en el golf, la espalda y los hombros son comunes.

Por otro lado, los ciclistas, los jugadores de balonmano y de voleibol a menudo sufren lesiones de rodilla. La demanda y el movimiento continuo en el primer caso y los constantes saltos en el segundo producen una combinación que es difícil de tolerar para el cuerpo.

En conclusión, podemos establecer que el rugby es el deporte que más lesiones genera, aunque seguido de cerca por el squash y, sorprendentemente, por la carrera.

Aunque es difícil establecer métodos para prevenirlos, lo mejor es tener una buena forma física y, sobre todo, una técnica adecuada a la hora de practicar un deporte con cierta frecuencia.

¿Cómo puede la psicología ayudarle a recuperarse de una lesión? Una lesión implica muchas dificultades y también muchas pérdidas. Por lo tanto, es útil saber cómo la psicología puede ayudarle a recuperarse de una lesión. Leer más

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