El entrenamiento con pesas beneficia la salud cardiovascular

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Se dice que los que hacen entrenamiento con pesas descuidan su salud cardiovascular al no hacer ejercicio aeróbico. Sin embargo, el esfuerzo requerido para levantar mancuernas, discos y barras también puede ser bueno para el corazón. Aprenda más en el siguiente artículo.

La importancia del entrenamiento con pesas

Hoy en día el levantamiento de pesas ha sido «eclipsado» por otras disciplinas que están de moda, por lo que muchos creen que este ejercicio no es suficiente para mantener una buena salud.

Sin embargo, la verdad es que es una de las mejores opciones para disfrutar de una vida saludable. El propósito principal de las pesas es marcar y fortalecer los músculos. Para ello se necesita resistencia y potencia.

Aunque lo ideal es complementarlo con un ejercicio aeróbico antes o después (por ejemplo cinta de correr o bicicleta fija), lo cierto es que cuando intentamos fortalecer los músculos con las mancuernas y las barras ya hacemos suficiente ejercicio.

El resto nos ayudaría a quemar grasa y tener más resistencia, pero el peso nos da beneficios muy interesantes, como reducir el riesgo de osteoporosis, mejorar la postura, tener más fuerza y evitar la pérdida de masa muscular.

Por supuesto, no podemos dejar de lado el factor estético, ya que los brazos bien marcados son sinónimo de belleza en los países occidentales. Y, además, merece destacarse la disciplina y el compromiso que se generan al cumplir una rutina de entrenamiento .

Muchas personas evitan levantar pesas por miedo a sufrir una lesión o incluso por miedo a aumentar desproporcionadamente una parte del cuerpo. Las mujeres incluso afirman que esta actividad las «masculiniza».

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Sin embargo, si nos acompaña y dirige un buen entrenador, si seguimos la técnica y levantamos pesas de acuerdo a nuestras habilidades, nada de esto sucederá.

¿El peso es bueno para la salud cardiovascular?

Como dijimos antes, levantar pesas tiene muchos beneficios. Pero también hay ventajas de esta actividad que no tenemos en cuenta: promover la salud, envejecer mejor, prevenir lesiones y disfrutar de una mejor calidad de vida.

Hasta ahora, se creía que la salud cardiovascular no era una de las ventajas de levantar pesas en el gimnasio, pero esto no es cierto. A medida que este ejercicio aumenta el flujo sanguíneo en el área trabajada, es fácil entender que esto tiene una consecuencia para el corazón.

Aunque los beneficios en los niveles cardiaco y respiratorio no son los mismos que los que aportan los ejercicios aeróbicos, no debemos subestimar las mejoras que implica el levantamiento de pesas.

Para que las ventajas sean aún mayores, no basta con levantar barras o mancuernas, sino que hay que ir más allá: añadir un poco de movimiento a nuestros entrenamientos.

Una rutina de levantamiento de pesas de alta intensidad, incluyendo cinco series de 10 repeticiones de cada ejercicio, puede aumentar el oxígeno en el cuerpo y mejorar la circulación sanguínea.

Por lo tanto, una sesión de pesas interviene en la salud de las venas y arterias de una manera similar a lo que sucede cuando hacemos ejercicios cardiovasculares o aeróbicos.

A diferencia de esta teoría, hay otra versión que dice que el entrenamiento con pesas es malo para la salud cardiovascular. El problema radica en la presión que el cuerpo necesita para levantar las mancuernas, los discos o las barras, lo que sería negativo para nuestro corazón.

El entrenamiento integral con pesas, especialmente a nivel profesional o competitivo, tendría efectos perjudiciales sobre las venas y arterias, por ejemplo, la carótida y el cuello.

Preste atención cuando realice un ejercicio de bíceps o tríceps: cuando levante los brazos, las venas de la frente y el cuello están marcadas. Esto se debe a que se tensan más. Lo mismo sucede con el corazón, aunque no podamos verlo.

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Para evitar que el entrenamiento con pesas sea perjudicial para su salud cardiovascular, le aconsejamos que consulte a su médico. El profesional hará diferentes estudios e indicará si usted puede o no hacer tal entrenamiento o cómo complementarlo con otras disciplinas aeróbicas.

De esta manera, tanto el corazón como los músculos funcionarán de manera óptima y usted podrá disfrutar de todos los beneficios que el ejercicio tiene para ofrecer.

Obesidad y enfermedades cardiovasculares: ¿cuál es la relación? Conocer la relación entre la obesidad y las enfermedades cardiovasculares, el control de la dieta y el nivel de ejercicio físico son cuestiones esenciales para nuestra salud. Leer más «

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