La importancia del calzado deportivo en la práctica de la actividad física

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Aquellos que creen que la comodidad es la única razón para usar un zapato deportivo durante el ejercicio están equivocados. Es una pieza diseñada específicamente para el deporte; su uso durante la actividad física es fundamental para la prevención de lesiones.

Proporcionar una buena base para el cuerpo

En pie, llevamos todo el peso de nuestro cuerpo. Obviamente, el tipo de calzado usado por un atleta influirá en su rendimiento físico. Y los zapatos deportivos se fabrican de acuerdo con principios y estudios biomecánicos.

Es decir, cada deporte tiene un tipo de calzado deportivo según su práctica. Todo depende de factores como la cinética, la superficie y otras características de la disciplina. Cada aspecto es pensado antes de hacer y producir cada modelo.

El objetivo es siempre ofrecer flexibilidad de movimiento, amortiguación y agarre. Esto se debe a que la práctica de deportes involucra cinética en varios niveles. Ser capaz de moverse y evitar perder el control es fundamental.

Qué se considera en la fabricación de un zapato deportivo

  • La superficie: al principio, el zapato no debe impedir el movimiento, pero no debe generar una falta de control. Si, por ejemplo, el suelo es de madera, el ajuste es esencial. En el asfalto, el zapato suele ser un poco más suave.
  • La disciplina deportiva: cada curso tiene una dinámica y el zapato debe responder a ella. Las zapatillas de fútbol tienen cerraduras para sujetar el césped. Los jugadores de béisbol deben responder bien al suelo, entendiendo su irregularidad.
  • La forma del pie: hay diferentes pies. Además, cada deporte favorece un tipo de calzado según estas morfologías. Aquí es donde entran en juego los estudios biomecánicos.
  • El peso: según la disciplina, los atletas tienden a desarrollar un peso corporal y una morfología. Estos valores se tienen en cuenta en los proyectos. También se tiene en cuenta la aerodinámica.
Mira también:   El sistema inmunitario y la actividad física: ¿cuál es la relación?

La morfología del pie importa

Las personas también pueden ser divididas de acuerdo a sus huellas: pronadas, supinas o neutras. La pronación ocurre cuando se pisa y se empujan los pies. Por el contrario, la supinación implica un hundimiento hacia la cara externa del pie.

Este análisis es importante porque define nuestros movimientos más pronunciados en el deporte. De hecho, ambos reflejos ocurren en el medio del impulso y esto ocurre cuando saltamos o corremos.

Siendo un factor determinante, los atletas profesionales eligen sus zapatos según su inclinación. También hay personas con un paso neutro, en el que no hay hundimiento y el impulso es lineal.

La contribución del calzado deportivo

Un principio básico del calzado deportivo es la flexibilidad. Por eso los materiales tienden a tener un cierto nivel de elasticidad. Esto, a su vez, genera movimientos más naturales, aerodinámicos y cómodos. La naturaleza de estos zapatos no debe ser demasiado apretado o demasiado suelto.

Los zapatos deportivos previenen lesiones. Se adhieren correctamente a cada tipo de suelo y protegen varias zonas del pie. Por ejemplo, en el baloncesto, el uso de barriles altos es muy común. Esto se debe a que en este deporte los saltos en el aire son frecuentes.

La amortiguación es también un aspecto clave, ya que facilita las caídas. Los zapatos deportivos reducen el impacto, lo hacen más natural y también evitan lesiones.

Prevención de lesiones

Aunque en el mundo del deporte es imposible escapar de las lesiones, el calzado deportivo ha disminuido su incidencia. Esguinces, tendinitis y dislocaciones tienen mucho que ver con el uso de calzado inadecuado. Los atletas de hoy en día sufren un menor riesgo de padecer estas afecciones.

Mira también:   Movimientos que necesita para poder hacer

Por ejemplo, el material implementado evita la proliferación del llamado pie de atleta, reduciendo el riesgo de aparición de hongos. La fricción y las burbujas también han disminuido.

A lo largo de los años, los materiales, diseños y efectos del calzado deportivo han sido aún mejores. Elegirlos correctamente permite mejorar el rendimiento físico y la salud de nuestros pies y piernas.

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