Practicar yoga ayuda a controlar la hipertensión


La presión arterial alta o hipertensión es una situación muy común que afecta a uno de cada tres adultos en el mundo occidental. Esta enfermedad aumenta considerablemente el riesgo de problemas cardiovasculares, cerebrovascular, insuficiencia cardíaca y enfermedad renal. Por lo tanto, hoy veremos cómo controlar la hipertensión.

Los síntomas de la hipertensión no siempre son fáciles de identificar y a menudo aparecen cuando la presión arterial ya es peligrosamente alta. Por eso se le conoce como el «asesino silencioso».

Afortunadamente, existen tratamientos farmacológicos muy efectivos para tratar la hipertensión. Pero, además, hay otras medidas que se pueden tomar en la vida diaria que ayudan a controlar la presión arterial alta.

Hipertensión y estrés

La presión arterial es la fuerza que la sangre ejerce al pasar a través de las arterias cuando viaja a través del sistema circulatorio. Esta presión varía a lo largo del día debido a las actividades y al estrés.

Cuando la actividad es intensa, o en una cierta situación de estrés, la presión arterial aumenta . Por el contrario, cuando el cuerpo está en reposo, la presión disminuye.

La hipertensión arterial crónica puede ser causada por factores genéticos o por otras enfermedades como diabetes, enfermedad renal o cambios hormonales. Sin embargo, es muy común que la hipertensión sea causada por el estrés y este es un factor muy difícil de controlar.

El estrés es un requisito impuesto al cuerpo por un factor externo. Sin embargo, diferentes individuos pueden sentirse más o menos estresados en la misma situación. Para algunas personas, algunas situaciones pueden ser sinónimo de amenaza y para otras no, esto puede variar enormemente.

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Aunque no es posible controlar las diferentes situaciones por las que tiene que pasar cada persona, sí es posible trabajar para que podamos afrontar la vida de la mejor manera posible. De esta manera, podemos evitar un alto nivel de estrés que puede afectar la presión arterial.

Practicar yoga ayuda a controlar el estrés

Las personas que sufren de hipertensión causada o agravada por el estrés suelen tener dificultades para controlarla aunque estén bajo tratamiento farmacológico. Y aquí es donde el Yoga puede convertirse en su mayor aliado.

Esta antigua disciplina puede ser una forma saludable y natural de controlar la hipertensión causada por el estrés. Practicando Yoga es posible tratar muchas enfermedades desde un punto de vista holístico. El yoga afecta la relación directa que existe entre mente, cuerpo y emociones.

A través de la práctica de esta disciplina, es posible calmar el pensamiento, calmar el sistema nervioso y hacer que el corazón trabaje más lentamente.

Al mismo tiempo con las posturas la mente y los músculos alcanzan una relajación profunda: el estado general de relajación contribuye muy eficazmente a controlar la hipertensión.

Durante la práctica de Yoga, también se practican técnicas de control respiratorio o pranayamas . Esta forma de respiración consciente y controlada también tiene la capacidad de controlar inmediatamente la presión arterial alta.

Las técnicas respiratorias que se adquieren con la práctica del Yoga pueden ser una herramienta muy útil para pacientes hipertensivos en situaciones de estrés. El control de la respiración siempre es positivo.

Asanas para controlar la hipertensión

Algunas posturas y ejercicios de Yoga, también llamados asanas, son especialmente útiles para controlar la hipertensión. La práctica, en general, tiene efectos relajantes y ayuda a equilibrar el sistema nervioso; pero hay ciertos ejercicios que funcionan mejor que otros cuando se trata de bajar la presión arterial alta.

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Este es el caso de los ejercicios de Yoga invertido. Estas posturas consisten en invertir la acción de la gravedad sobre el cuerpo, ya que las piernas y el abdomen deben estar por encima del pecho. Este tipo de ejercicio produce cambios muy importantes en el sistema circulatorio, una vez que la sangre circula más rápidamente, aliviando la presión.

Otros ejercicios especialmente beneficiosos para controlar la presión arterial son los ejercicios de respiración. La práctica del Yoga nos enseña a respirar conscientemente; cuando inhalamos y exhalamos tenemos el poder de nutrir el cuerpo y calmar la mente.

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