¿Puedo entrenar enfermo o mejor esperar una recuperación completa?

¡Comparte!

Este tipo de duda es común cuando aparecen imágenes virales o gripe. Hay muchos atletas que prefieren entrenar enfermos para no tener que dejar de entrenar por ningún motivo , pero este es un deseo que no siempre se puede cumplir. Entonces, ¿puedo entrenar si estoy enfermo?

Algunas patologías, como los resfriados, por ejemplo, tienen una duración de unos 10 días. En estos casos, hacer un ejercicio de forma prudente no supondrá una diferencia sustancial. Además, el ejercicio puede incluso tener un efecto atenuante, haciendo que el paciente se sienta mejor en ese momento.

En la práctica, la interrupción de la actividad física debido a la enfermedad puede generar el resultado contrario. Algunas personas se deprimen si no pueden entrenar cuando lo han planeado. Esto puede debilitar aún más el sistema inmunológico y provocar complicaciones adicionales.

Entrenar enfermo o no, este es el dilema

Con síntomas leves, como estornudos, congestión nasal y tos, el ejercicio no debe causar problemas mayores, siempre y cuando se haga con intensidad moderada.

Una intensidad de luz hará que el cuerpo sienta que está, a través del sudor, eliminando parte de lo que le está afectando, sin que ello implique un esfuerzo excesivo en los músculos o las articulaciones. Es decir, este no es el momento de correr una maratón o intentar aumentar el nivel de esfuerzo.

Además, cuando se entrena en estas condiciones, debemos estar mucho más atentos a la hidratación. Tomar muchos líquidos, especialmente agua y bebidas energéticas, le permitirá recuperar más rápidamente los electrolitos que se pierden con la transpiración. También se recomienda antigripal y algunas bebidas calientes.

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Sin embargo, en casos de dolor óseo agudo, malestar estomacal, vómitos o debilidad muscular o incluso complicaciones graves, el descanso total es obligatorio. Estas son señales de que las cosas no van muy bien en el cuerpo y que usted necesariamente debe descansar.

Tren enfermo y febril: ¿sí o no?

Esta es otra pregunta frecuente entre los atletas y los amantes de la actividad física. ¿Puedo entrenar en condiciones de fiebre? No importa cuánto quiera mantener el ritmo, cuando la temperatura corporal excede los 38 grados, el ejercicio no es una buena idea.

La fiebre es la respuesta natural del cuerpo para combatir virus, infecciones y la presencia de cualquier elemento extraño. Su apariencia no es sólo una señal de que debe descansar mientras está presente, sino también de que debe hacer una cita con su médico.

Y, por supuesto, no olvide tomar medidas para reducir la temperatura corporal lo más rápidamente posible.

La mayor parte de la energía debe centrarse en ayudar al cuerpo en el proceso de lucha contra las enfermedades y la recuperación. Por eso no es conveniente forzar el cuerpo añadiendo un esfuerzo extra para hacer una actividad física que, en estas condiciones, es innecesaria.

Es posible que los ejercicios físicos a veces también causen mayor estrés, otro factor que dificulta e incluso retrasa el funcionamiento del sistema inmunológico.

Cuando se está enfermo y aparece la fiebre, es mejor descansar. Además, no se debe permitir que el termómetro marque temperaturas muy altas.

Antes de hablar con el médico de confianza, ponerse compresas de agua tibia en la cabeza puede servir como un paliativo temporal. En casos extremos, un baño frío puede representar la mejor solución.

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¿Cuál es la mejor opción de ejercicio para entrenar al paciente

Si no queremos suspender los ejercicios, lo más recomendable es hacer un entrenamiento de intensidad moderada. Se recomiendan actividades como andar en bicicleta, correr o caminar. Estas son prácticas que también son muy útiles para mejorar la función pulmonar y la función cardiovascular.

Toda actividad física debe comenzar a realizarse de forma calmada y progresiva; siempre dejando que el propio cuerpo determine si puede seguir adelante e incluso aumentar su intensidad.

En cualquier caso, cuando esté enfermo, se recomienda que no supere los 30 minutos de duración del entrenamiento . Media hora de ejercicio es tiempo suficiente para obtener beneficios sin requerir demasiado del cuerpo.

En el caso de los deportes al aire libre, es necesario tener en cuenta los riesgos de enfrentarse a episodios que pueden ser contraproducentes, como las lluvias o las temperaturas extremas.

¿Cómo vestirse?

La ropa debe ser de tejidos térmicos y transpirables, que permitan expulsar el sudor sin problemas. Es decir, siempre deben mantener el cuerpo seco y, al mismo tiempo, protegido.

Durante el invierno e incluso unos días en primavera u otoño, es necesario cubrir la garganta. Pero si las temperaturas son demasiado bajas, la boca y las fosas nasales también deben estar protegidas .

Qué tan poco sueño puede afectar tu salud y tu estado de ánimo Las constantes distracciones y el ritmo frenético de la vida nos llevan a dormir poco, y esto genera problemas de salud. Averigüe cuáles son los siguientes. Leer más «

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